The list below represents ingredients that have been questioned over recent years int he beauty industry. While these continue to be reviewed by research scientists, the medical community and international governing bodies regarding potential harmful effects, we at Bathorium believe in taking a more cautious approach.

When in doubt, formulate without.

1.4 DIOXANE

Ethoxylation

Pesticides and theoretically any non-organic plant product such as certain detergents, foaming agents, emulsifiers and solvents.A residual chemical (by-product) left behind when products are ethoxylated (all PEGs, PPGs, and some surfactants). Findings indicate this is a potential human carcinogen.
 
Other Names: Ingredients with the prefix, word or syllables "PEG" Polyethylene, Polyethylene Glycol, Polysorbate or Polyxyethylene and words with containing "eth" or "oxynol" in them

PARABENS

Preservative

Found in many cosmetic and pharmaceutical products including shampoo, conditioner, moisturizer and deodorant.
Used as a preservative. Certain parabens have been linked to hormone disruption, skin irritation, contact dermatitis and rosacea in individuals with paraben allergies.
 
Other names: Methylparaben, Ethylparaben, Butylparaben, Propylparaben Isobutylparaben, Isopropylparaben, Benzylparaben

ALUMINUM

Sweat Control

Usually found in personal care products especially deodorants.
Can be extremely irritating on abraded skin.
Other names:Aluminum Chloride, Aluminum Chlorohydrate, Aluminum Hydroxybromide

PETROLATUM

Skin barrier and skin softener

Shampoo, body wash, lotions and creams.

Derived from processed petroleum. There is concern regarding unsustainable sourcing and possible contamination from Polyaromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) which are linked to cancer.Other names: Liquid Paraffin, Mineral Oil Jelly and Petroleum Jelly

BHA & BHT

Preservative

Found in lipsticks, moisturizers and other personal care products. Often found in fragrance ingredients. Butylated Hydroxyanisole (BHA) and Butylated Hydroxytoleune (BHT). Synthetic antioxidants used as preservatives. BHA is linked to cancer, skin irritation and hormone disruption. Toluene-based preservative, BHT, is linked with skin irritation.Other names: BOA, Tert-Butyl-4-Hydroxyanisole, (1,1-Dimethylethyl)-4-Methoxyphenol, Tert-Butyl-4-Methoxyphenol, Antioxyne B

PHTHALATES

Product strengthener

Many cosmetics and personal care products including nail polish. Chemicals used to increase flexibility and strength of plastics. Usually found within fragrances. Some phtalates have been linked to hormone disruption. Other names: Bensybutyl Phthalate (BzBP), Bi-n-butyl Phthalate or Dibutyl Phthalate (DBP) DEP DEHP and fragrance

COAL TAR DYES

Found in hair dyes, cosmetics and hair treatments, especially those for anti-dandruff.These are a mixture of many chemicals, often derived from petroleum and manufactured synthetically. They may often be contaminated with low levels of heavy metals and some are combined with aluminum substrates.Other Names:P-phenylenediamine. Common in colorants and hair dyes, it may appear with a five digit color Index (CI) # from 75000-77000 or may be listed as FD&C or D&C followed by a color.

SILOXANE

Softener and to promote product dry down

Found in moisturizers and facial treatments
Cyclomethicone and ingredients ending in siloxane, speeds product dry down and with improvd glide. Suspected endocrine discrupter and reproductive toxicant. Harmful to fish and wildlife.Other Names: Polysiloxanes

DEA (DIETHANOLAMINE) MEA (MONOETHANOLAMINE) & TEA (TRIETHANOLAMINE)

chelating agents and neutralizing agents

Soaps, shampoos, hair conditioners and dyes, lotions, shaving creams, paraffin and waxes, household cleaning products, pharmaceutical ointments, eyeliners, mascara, eye shadows, blush, make-up bases, foundations, fragrances, sunscreens.

DEA (and derivatives) are on Prop 65 list. TEA and MEA are not but they can contain DEA by-products. May be contaminated with chemicals like Nitrosamines which are linked to cancer. The European Commission prohibits DEAs in cosmetics.Other Names:2-Aminoethanol, Triethanolamine, Diethanolamine, DEA, TEA, Cocamide DEA, Cocamide MEA, DEA-Cetyl Phosphate, DEA Oleth-3 Phosphate, Lauramide DEA, Linoleamide MEA, Myristamide DEA, Oleamide DEA, Stearamide MEA, TEA-Lauryl Sulfate

SODIUM LAURYL SULFATE

Detergents/Foaming Agent

Commonly used in shampoo and personal care products

Salt, acid derivatives. Detergent that makes products foam, lather and bubble. May cause irritation of the skin and mucous membranes.Other names: Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (SLS) and Sodium Laureth Sulfate (SLES)

We proudly use Sodium Lauryl Sulfoacotate within most of our soak lines. Read more on this ingredient here.

FORMALDEHYDE

Preservative

Nail polish, deodorants, soap, shampoos and shaving cream.

Has been linked to immune system toxicity and respiratory irritation. Other names: Not typically listed as an ingredient however these Formaldehyde "releasers" or "donors" are often listed on ingredient labels: DMDM Hydantoin, Diaxzolidinyl Urea, Imidazolidinyl Urea, Methanamine, Quaternium-15 and Sodium hHydroxymethylglycincate. May also appear as Cormalin, Formicaldehyde, Methanol, Methylaldehyde

TALC

Moisture Absorption

Baby powder, body and shower products, lotions, feminine hygiene products, eyeshadow, foundation, lipstick, deodorants, acne treatments and face masks.

Some talc may contain the known carcinogen asbestos, therefore it should be avoided in powders and other personal care products.Other names: Talcum powder, cosmetic talc, Magnesium Silicate

MINERAL OIL

Moisturizer

Skin lotions, creams, ointments, cosmetics and hair care products.

A colorless and odorless oil that is made from petroleum—as a by-product of the distillation of petroleum to produce gasoline. Lightweight and inexpensive, it helps reduce water loss from the skin. Other names: Liquid Petroleum, Paraffin Oil and White Mineral Oil

TOLUENE

Antioxidant and solvent

Nail polish and hair dye.

This is often used as a solvent to improve adhesion and gloss. It has been linked to allergies and irritation. Toxic to the immune system, this solvent may cause birth defects.

NANOPARTICLES

Product transparency

Cosmetics and sunscreen.

May be toxic if inhaled. Ultra-fine and may cross over permeable membranes and into our bodies.

TRICLOSAN

Anti-fungal/ Anti-bacterial

Found in soap, mouthwash, shaving cream, deodorants, detergent and toothpaste.

May make bacteria resistant to antibiotics due to its overuse in cosmetics and cleaning products. 2016 FDA ruling states it can no longer be included in soaps and antiseptic washes. May be associated with hormone disruption.